Back in January 2014, I published After Legalization: Understanding the future of marijuana policy. In it, I predicted that by 2018 roughly nine states would have legalized marijuana and that Vermont was likely to be the first to legalize marijuana via the state legislature. I also predicted Canada was likely to be the first major country to move forward with legalization in 2017.
2017 –This is when the fight is likely to move from the ballot to the state legislature. After voters in multiple states approve legalization, politicians in other states will feel comfortable backing the idea—or political pressure will force them to approve it. It's very likely that Vermont, Hawaii, and Rhode Island will move forward with marijuana legalization in early 2017 or 2018. They are three of the most liberal states in the country and have a history of being progressive on marijuana reform: Hawaii was the first state legislature to adopt medical marijuana, Vermont was the second, and Rhode Island was the third. I also expect the changing political environment created by a wave of victories in 2016 to push many state legislatures to adopt smaller reforms, such as reducing their penalties for simple possession.At the same time, several foreign countries will probably adopt legalization. The political situation in Canada regarding this issue is worth watching, because it could put some real pressure on the United States to finally act. In 2013, the leader of the Liberal party of Canada endorsed marijuana legalization,i and there is a very good chance his party could win back control after the next federal election likely to take place at the end of 2015. If the Liberals are serious about moving forward with marijuana reform, a smart time to do it would be right after the United States’ 2016 election, when several American states on or near the Canadian border are likely to legalize marijuana.
While not every one of my predictions has been perfect, I'm very happy with how well I have done so far. One my biggest mistakes was that I thought the District of Columbia wouldn't legalize until 2020 because people in the District would be too afraid of Congress interfering. The people of the District did approve marijuana legalization in 2014, but Congress stepped in to block the city from adopting a regulatory model -- so I got it half right.